如果需要完成一项比较耗时的工作 , 应该通过发送 Intent 给 Service, 由 Service 来完成 . 这里不能使用子线程来解决 , 因为 BroadcastReceiver 的生命周期很短 , 子线程可能还没有结束
BroadcastReceiver 就先结束了 .BroadcastReceiver 一旦结束 , 此时 BroadcastReceiver 的
所在进程很容易在系统需要内存时被优先杀死 , 因为它属于空进程 ( 没有任何活动组件的进程 ). 如果它的宿主进程被杀死 , 那么正在工作的子线程也会被杀死 .
To determine which processes should be killed when low on memory, Android places each process into an "importance hierarchy" based on the components running in them and the state of those components. These process types are (in order of importance):
A foreground process is one that is required for what the user is currently doing. Various application components can cause its containing process to be considered foreground in different ways. A process is considered to be in the foreground if any of the following conditions hold:
There will only ever be a few such processes in the system, and these will only be killed as a last resort if memory is so low that not even these processes can continue to run. Generally, at this point, the device has reached a memory paging state, so this action is required in order to keep the user interface responsive.
A visible process is one holding an Activity that is visible to the user on-screen but not in the foreground (itsonPause() method has been called). This may occur, for example, if the foreground Activity is displayed as a dialog that allows the previous Activity to be seen behind it. Such a process is considered extremely important and will not be killed unless doing so is required to keep all foreground processes running.
A service process is one holding a Service that has been started with the startService() method. Though these processes are not directly visible to the user, they are generally doing things that the user cares about (such as background mp3 playback or background network data upload or download), so the system will always keep such processes running unless there is not enough memory to retain all foreground and visible process.
A background process is one holding an Activity that is not currently visible to the user (its onStop() method has been called). These processes have no direct impact on the user experience. Provided they implement their Activity life-cycle correctly (see Activity for more details), the system can kill such processes at any time to reclaim memory for one of the three previous processes types. Usually there are many of these processes running, so they are kept in an LRU list to ensure the process that was most recently seen by the user is the last to be killed when running low on memory.
An empty process is one that doesn't hold any active application components. The only reason to keep such a process around is as a cache to improve startup time the next time a component of its application needs to run. As such, the system will often kill these processes in order to balance overall system resources between these empty cached processes and the underlying kernel caches.
A foreground process，而当执行结束以后，此时Apk进程很可能是
An empty process，所以系统很容易结束掉这个Apk进程，所以在
A service process，所以不可能被系统无端Kill掉
Broadcast的基本情况介绍到这里，接下来会继续介绍发送广播的两种方式：Android BroadCast (二)