@bintou 2020-09-24T03:13:35.000000Z 字数 3721 阅读 325

# 短评《THE CATCHER IN THE RYE》

书评

### 事实3. 主人公性格特征的多样性与融合性消解了所谓的对立性

What I have to do, I have to catch everybody if they start to go over the cliff--I mean if they're running and they don't look where they're going I have to come out from somewhere and catch them. That's all I'd do all day. I'd just be the catcher in the rye and all. I know it's crazy, but that's the only thing I'd really like to be. I know it's crazy.

It drove me damn near crazy. I thought how Phoebe and all the other little kids would see it, and how they'd wonder what the hell it meant, and then finally some dirty kid would tell them--all cockeyed, naturally--what it meant, and how they'd all think about it and maybe even worry about it for a couple of days.

But I rubbed it out anyway, finally.

That's the whole trouble. You can't ever find a place that's nice and peaceful, because there isn't any. You may think there is, but once you get there, when you're not looking, somebody'll sneak up and write "Fuck you" right under your nose.

It's hopeless, anyway. If you had a million years to do it in, you couldn't rub out even half the "Fuck you" signs in the world. It's impossible.

Holden这个需要被拯救的孩子一直在扮演拯救世界者的角色，虽然他的“战斗”总以失败告终，他无助，他知道不可能，他只是固执地选择抗争。最终他没能离家出走，说不清是因为妹妹这个天使拯救了他，还是因为他需要拯救妹妹从而拯救了自己。没有对立，只有融合。

### 事实4. “守望”是一种高超而又独特的教学理念

“守望”态度在全书中通过不同的场景进行了多次的阐释。除了上文给出的引文，还包括，Holden出逃的晚上在出租车上与司机关于鸭子与鱼的讨论：

"If you was a fish, Mother Nature'd take care of you, wouldn't she? Right? You don't think them fish just die when it gets to be winter, do ya?"

I mean you can't help it sometimes. What I think is, you're supposed to leave somebody alone if he's at least being interesting and he's getting all excited about something.

All the kids kept trying to grab for the gold ring, and so was old Phoebe, and I was sort of afraid she'd fall off the goddam horse, but I didn't say anything or do anything. The thing with kids is, if they want to grab the gold ring, you have to let them do it, and not say anything. If they fall off they fall off, but it's bad if you say anything to them.

Many, many men have been just as troubled morally and spiritually as you are right now. Happily, some of them kept records of their troubles. You'll learn from them--if you want to. Just as someday, if you have something to offer, someone will learn something from you. It's a beautiful reciprocal arrangement. And it isn't education. It's history. It's poetry.

### 小结

2017年5月底重读此作品，有感而匆匆写下以上短评。二十年的从教生涯告诉我，认真地教诲学生最终就是认真地教诲自己，所谓对学生的救赎无非就是对自己对救赎。不是否认教学、教育对学生的影响，而是需要强调这种教育的“相对性”。当这种“教育”与“被教育”完美融合，那么：It's history. It's poetry.

2017.06.04晚起草
2017.06.05晚修改

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