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@zhongdao 2020-06-11T09:03:19.000000Z 字数 5174 阅读 275

俄罗斯土地赠与的真相

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英文

Getting back to the Russia's Homestead Act of 2016 there are some speculations in the Western mass media on Russia reportedly giving free land to foreigners. I, myself have got multiple requests from my foreign friends asking if they can get free land in Russia.

To be clear there is an important clarification: the free land in the Russia's Far East (and in all other regions of Russia) is given to Russian citizens and foreigners with Russian background as long as they live in Russia for five years. And it looks like wise and sensible decision - first and foremost Russian President takes care of Russian citizens.

The foreigners without Russian background may apply for free land in Russia only after they get Russian citizenship by naturalization after five years of legal residence - on a number of grounds listed in appropriate legal websites (working, business, marriage, skilled professional, refugee etc.)

The program of the Russia's Far East Hectare, it turns out, has been so successful that Russian President Vladimir Putin said he supports the idea of expanding it to all regions of the country. "There is enough land in Russia," he was quoted as saying.

Soon after that 3 northwestern regions of Russia: Kostromskoy (2017), Leningradskiy (2018) and Vologodskiy (2018) introduced the bills of giving away unused land to families (Russian citizens) for free on similar terms and conditions like in the Homestead Act of 2016 (see the map below).

For the newly-minted homesteaders these legal bills, among other things, also open access to state support, they can now get help with money and infrastructure on regional level.

The story of the land giveaway and Russian family homesteads (Kin's domains) will go on - please stay with us - join Eco-Minded News for updates.

双语

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The program of the Russia's Far East Hectare or Homestead Act proposed in 2016 by Russian President Vladimir Putin to give 1 hectare, or 2.5 acres of free land in the Russia's Far East has generated a lot of comments and discussion all over the world.
俄罗斯总统弗拉基米尔·普京(Vladimir Putin)在2016年提出的《俄罗斯远东1公顷法》的计划在俄罗斯远东地区提供1公顷或2.5英亩的免费土地,在全世界引起了很多评论和讨论。

The nine regions of the Russia's Far East account for 36% of the country’s land mass, yet only 6.2 million people live in those areas, or about 5% of the Russian population.
俄罗斯远东地区的9个地区占该国土地面积的36%,但仅620万人居住在这些地区,约占俄罗斯人口的5%。

As of December 2017, 107,000 applications had been filed and almost 40,000 had been approved. (Original) According to the Homestead Act, the only condition for homesteaders is to put the land to good use, which means using it for any lawful purpose. There is a trial period of 5 years when the land can't be sold or leased out. These are well-known facts about land giveaway in Russia started since 2016. But what's less well-known is that a Kin's Estate bill was passed in one of the region of Russia - Belgorodskiy - back in 2010.
截至2017年12月,已提交107,000份申请,已批准近40,000份。(原版的)根据《宅基地法》,宅基地的唯一条件是善用土地,这意味着将其用于任何合法目的。如果土地不能出售或出租,则有5年的试用期。 这些都是关于俄罗斯自2016年开始赠予土地的众所周知的事实。但是,鲜为人知的是,《祖传家园法案》于2010年在俄罗斯的一个地区-Belgorodskiy-中获得通过。

According to Belgorod regional bill 1 hectare (2.5 acres) of land is given for free to families who wish to live a Kin's homesteading lifestyle, where priority is given to the land which is protected as a fundamental aspect of nature by way of ecological approaches to agriculture, harmonious interactions and minimal negative impact upon the natural environment.
根据Belgorod的区域法案,每公顷土地为1公顷希望居住在祖传家园中的家庭可以免费获得(2.5英亩)的土地,其中优先考虑通过生态农业方法,和谐互动和最小程度的负面影响将土地保护为自然的基本方面对自然环境的影响。

Getting back to the Russia's Homestead Act of 2016 there are some speculations in the Western mass media on Russia reportedly giving free land to foreigners. I, myself have got multiple requests from my foreign friends asking if they can get free land in Russia.
回到2016年《俄罗斯的宅基地法》,西方媒体对俄罗斯据报给予外国人免费土地有一些猜测。我本人收到外国朋友的多次要求,询问他们是否可以在俄罗斯获得免费土地。

To be clear there is an important clarification: the free land in the Russia's Far East (and in all other regions of Russia) is given to Russian citizens and foreigners with Russian background as long as they live in Russia for five years. And it looks like wise and sensible decision - first and foremost Russian President takes care of Russian citizens.
需要明确的是,有一个重要的说明:俄罗斯远东地区(以及俄罗斯所有其他地区)的自由土地是给予俄罗斯公民和具有俄罗斯背景的外国人的,只要他们在俄罗斯居住了五年。而且这似乎是明智而明智的决定-首先,俄罗斯总统要照顾俄罗斯公民。

The foreigners without Russian background may apply for free land in Russia only after they get Russian citizenship by naturalization after five years of legal residence - on a number of grounds listed in appropriate legal websites (working, business, marriage, skilled professional, refugee etc.)
没有俄罗斯背景的外国人只有在合法居住5年后通过归化获得俄罗斯国籍后才能在俄罗斯申请免费土地-根据适当法律网站上列出的多种理由(工作,经商,婚姻,专业技术人员,难民等)。 )

The program of the Russia's Far East Hectare, it turns out, has been so successful that Russian President Vladimir Putin said he supports the idea of expanding it to all regions of the country. "There is enough land in Russia," he was quoted as saying.
在俄罗斯远东1公顷的计划,事实证明,已经非常成功,俄罗斯总统普京表示,他支持将其扩大到全国所有地区的想法。引述他的话说:“俄罗斯有足够的土地。”

Soon after that 3 northwestern regions of Russia: Kostromskoy (2017), Leningradskiy (2018) and Vologodskiy (2018) introduced the bills of giving away unused land to families (Russian citizens) for free on similar terms and conditions like in the Homestead Act of 2016 (see the map below).
此后不久,俄罗斯的西北3个地区:Kostromskoy(2017),Leningradskiy(2018)和Vologodskiy(2018)提出了以类似条款和条件免费向家庭(俄罗斯公民)免费赠送未使用土地的法案,例如2016年(请参见下面的地图)。

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For the newly-minted homesteaders these legal bills, among other things, also open access to state support, they can now get help with money and infrastructure on regional level.
对于刚成立的房屋维护者来说,这些法律法案除其他外,还开放获得国家支持,他们现在可以在区域一级获得资金和基础设施方面的帮助。

The story of the land giveaway and Russian family homesteads (Kin's domains) will go on - please stay with us - join Eco-Minded News for updates.
土地赠与的故事 俄罗斯家庭宅基地 (祖传家园)将会继续-请与我们在一起-加入 环保新闻 进行更新。

资料来源

https://ecominded.net/the-truth-about-land-giveaway-in-russia

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